A series circuit is an electrical circuit configuration in which the components are connected end to end, forming a single path for current flow. In a series circuit, the same current flows through each component.

- Voltage Across Components
- Current Flow
- Total Tension (V) Calculation
- Total Resistance Calculation
- Voltage Divider

- The total voltage across a series circuit is equal to the sum of the individual voltages across each component.
- The total resistance in a series circuit is equal to the sum of the individual resistances of each component.
- In a series circuit, the current is the same at any point in the circuit.
- The total resistance in a series circuit is equal to the sum of the individual resistances of each component.
- If one component fails in a series circuit, the entire circuit is interrupted and none of the components can operate.

V_{ab} = V_{a} - V_{b}

In a series connection, the voltage across the components can be calculated using the formula V_{ab} = V_{a} - V_{b}, where V_{a} represents the voltage at point A and V_{b} represents the voltage at point B.

i_{1} = i_{2} = i_{3} = ... = i_{n}

In a series connection, the current flowing through each component is the same. Therefore, the current at any point in the series circuit is equal to the total current flowing through the circuit.

Total Tension = V_{1} + V_{2} + V_{3} + ... + V_{n}

In a series connection, the total tension (voltage) across the circuit is equal to the sum of the individual voltages at each resistance. This means that the total tension is calculated by adding up the voltages across each component in the series connection.

Total Resistance = R_{1} + R_{2} + R_{3} + ... + R_{n}

In a series connection, the total resistance is equal to the sum of the individual resistances. This means that to determine the total resistance, you need to add up the resistance values of each component in the series connection.

The voltage divider principle is applicable in a series circuit. It is a common circuit configuration used to obtain a specific voltage output from a given input voltage. By using resistors with different resistance values in series, it is possible to create specific voltage drops across each resistor.

Use the calculator below to calculate the output voltage in a voltage divider circuit.

The voltage divider formula calculates the output voltage (V_{out}) in a voltage divider circuit:

V_{out} = (R_{2} / (R_{1} + R_{2})) * V_{in}

**V**Output voltage_{out}:**R**Resistance 1 (in series with V_{1}:_{in})**R**Resistance 2 (connected between R_{2}:_{1}and ground)**V**Input voltage_{in}: